Tuesday, August 31, 2010


Article 149 gives power to the Parliament to pass laws to suspend a person's fundamental rights vested to him in Part II of the Constitution if the Parliament believes that the person is a threat to national security or public order notwithstanding the fact that the laws are conflicting with Article 5, 9, 10 and 13 and 79.
The laws passed to the effect of this article include, to name a few:

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 (Revised 1980)

Internal Security Act 1960 (Revised 1972)

Official Secrets Act 1972

Printing Presses and Publications Act 1984

Sedition Act 1948 (Revised 1969)

Universities and University Colleges Act 1971n

The Acts mentioned above recognize the death penalty, the detention without trial, the caning and the silencing of people critical to the government to be lawful although they contradict with the articles on fundamental rights in Part II of the Constitution.

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